Cannabis, also known as marijuana, weed, pot, or ganja, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. Cannabis plants are native to Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent and have been cultivated for various purposes for thousands of years. The two primary species of cannabis are Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, with hybrids between the two also commonly found.

Cannabis plants contain a wide array of chemical compounds known as cannabinoids, including THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD (cannabidiol), CBG (cannabigerol), and many others. These cannabinoids interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which plays a crucial role in regulating various physiological processes such as mood, appetite, pain sensation, and memory.

Cannabis has a long history of use for both medicinal and recreational purposes. Medicinally, cannabis has been used for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiemetic, and sedative properties, among others. It has been used to alleviate symptoms associated with conditions such as chronic pain, nausea, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and glaucoma, among others.

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